Which rule set? Derived from OBR? For example: Little League, 7.09k Found it. You're speaking USSSA.
Everyone else, AFAIK, is another fielder has an opportunity to make a play. [USA 8.7.K, NFHS 8-6-11, NCAA 22.214.171.124.2]
If the runner is forced to advance (because the batter-runner has put the ball in play) that runner loses the right to the base and may be tagged out even while in contact with the base. Hawk_ is correct. All force outs are removed when the batter-runner has been put out.
"What's the penalty for an illegal bat?" Batter is out.
The OP's video is of a non-approved bat for which the umpire has almost the correct penalty (batter out, which he didn't specify, player ejected, head coach ejected.) Shame on the coach.
Assist is a thing. From the ATEC scoring guide:
1. An assist is credited to any fielder who deflects a batted or thrown ball and
whose deflection helps make a putout possible, or the putout would have occurred
had no succeeding error taken place.
F5-1 works. Or P5-1 if you note popups.
As TMIB points out, dead ball (because the pitch hit the batter), strike (if the ball was in the zone), or ball (the ball was not in the zone). In either case, the batter gets to stay in the box unless an effort was made to avoid the pitch, or it was strike three or ball four.
What code? This is a strike in codes that require the batter to withdraw the bat. In USA Softball, if the umpire judges the batter did not make an attempt at the pitch, it is a ball or strike based on pitch location.
Ya, NCAA is the same.
FYI... [My emphasis]
9.5.7 An obstructed runner may not be called out between the two bases where
she was obstructed unless one of the following occurs:
126.96.36.199 The obstructed runner, after being obstructed, safely obtains the base
she would have been awarded, in the...
The above link is good but it is for the college game, i.e, no courtesy runners and substitutes do not have re-entry rights.
A variation of line-up management for USA/NFHS can be found at http://cactusumpires.com/tutorials-information.html
Agree with tracking changes from the bases. I've been...
re: 3) Almost every code awards two bases from the time of the throw. The OP describes a throw to 1st base that rolls "under gate to batting cage that is the fence along 1B line in right field [sic]." That could take some time. Little League rules are derived from OBR, hence, there is a...
[USA] 3.1.H Altered Bat. [...] Identifying the bat by means of laser marking, engraving, or painting the name or number of the player will not make the bat an altered bat.
I wouldn't mark the name on the barrel... wears off too fast.